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Reading and Studying the Torah: Jews and Christians

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  • QuantaFille
    Moderator Notice

    Jacob, you've been told not to blog in threads. If you want a blog, you need to talk to Sparko and he'll set it up for you.

    ***If you wish to take issue with this notice DO NOT do so in this thread.***
    Contact the forum moderator or an administrator in Private Message or email instead. If you feel you must publicly complain or whine, please take it to the Psychotherapy Room unless told otherwise.

    Leave a comment:

  • JacobMartinMertens
    Vayeshev, "And he dwelt".

    1Jacob dwelt in the land of his father's sojournings, in the land of Canaan.

    Joseph was seventeen years old.

    3And Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he was a son of his old age; and he made him a fine woolen coat.

    4And his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, so they hated him, and they could not speak with him peacefully.

    Joseph had a dream, and his brother's continued to hate him.

    7Behold, we were binding sheaves in the midst of the field, and behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright, and behold, your sheaves encircled [it] and prostrated themselves to my sheaf."

    His brothers asked him if he was saying that he would reign over or govern them, and they hated him in this.

    9And he again dreamed another dream, and he related it to his brothers, and he said, "Behold, I have dreamed another dream, and behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were prostrating themselves to me."

    10And he told [it] to his father and to his brothers, and his father rebuked him and said to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Will we come I, your mother, and your brothers to prostrate ourselves to you to the ground?"

    11So his brothers envied him, but his father awaited the matter.

    13And Israel said to Joseph, "Are your brothers not pasturing in Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them." And he said to him, "Here I am."

    14So he said to him, "Go now and see to your brothers' welfare and the welfare of the flocks, and bring me back word." So he sent him from the valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.

    Joseph came across a man and asked him where his brothers were.

    17And the man said, "They have traveled away from here, for I overheard them say, 'Let us go to Dothan.' " So Joseph went after his brothers, and he found them in Dothan.

    18And they saw him from afar, and when he had not yet drawn near to them, they plotted against him to put him to death.

    20So now, let us kill him, and we will cast him into one of the pits, and we will say, 'A wild beast devoured him,' and we will see what will become of his dreams."

    21But Reuben heard, and he saved him from their hand[s], and he said, "Let us not deal him a deadly blow."

    22And Reuben said to them, "Do not shed blood! Cast him into this pit, which is in the desert, but do not lay a hand upon him," in order to save him from their hand[s], to return him to his father.

    Joseph's brothers took the coat and cast him into a waterless pit. They sold him to Ishmaelite traders, Midianites lifting him from the pit, for twenty silver pieces.

    29And Reuben returned to the pit, and behold, Joseph was not in the pit; so he rent his garments.

    31And they took Joseph's coat, and they slaughtered a kid, and they dipped the coat in the blood.

    32And they sent the fine woolen coat, and they brought [it] to their father, and they said, "We have found this; now recognize whether it is your son's coat or not."

    33He recognized it, and he said, "[It is] my son's coat; a wild beast has devoured him; Joseph has surely been torn up."

    Jacob mourned his son's death, but his son was not really dead.

    36And the Midianites sold him to Egypt, to Potiphar, Pharaoh's chamberlain, chief of the slaughterers.

    Judah was demoted by his brothers and he came a took a wife. To one of his sons he gave Tamar, who didn't have a child through the son. So Tamar had brothers of his to raise up a child, but none resulted. Finally there was one son of Judah left, and Judah did not give her that son because he was too young.

    There was a way that Tamar presented herself to Judah without him knowing who she was, and she conceived a child by Judah. He thought she was a temple prostitute and had items for her. But he did not find her again.

    Then it was heard that Tamar was with child and Judah wanted her dead. But she presented the items he had given to her as they were his items, and Judah decides that she is more righteous than he is.

    Joseph was with Potiphar and everything he did succeeded. Potiphar placed the house into his hand.

    Potiphar's wife asks Joseph to lie with her, but he escapes though without his garment. She claimed rape to her husband. Potiphar put Joseph into prison.

    God gave Joseph favor in the prison.

    22So the warden of the prison delivered all the prisoners who were in the prison into Joseph's hand, and whatever they did there, he [was the one who] did it.

    1Now it came about after these events that the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and the baker sinned against their master, against the king of Egypt.

    Pharoah placed them into prison. Joseph interprets their dreams.

    Pharoah indeed restores the cupbearer.

    21And he restored the chief cupbearer to his [position as] cupbearer, and he placed the cup on Pharaoh's palm.

    22And the chief baker he hanged, as Joseph had interpreted to them.

    23But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, and he forgot him.

    The next portion is Miketz.

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  • JacobMartinMertens
    Vayishlach. And he sent.

    "Jacob sent angels ahead of him to his brother Esau,". They brought a positive message about Jacob to Esau, and returned. Esau was coming with four hundred men! So Jacob divided into two camps, in case he was attacked. Jacob prayed to God for protection. Jacob prepared a gift for Esau from the livestock.

    Jacob wrestled with an angel of God. The angel asked Jacob for his name. Jacob gave it. Jacob asked the angel for his name. The angel did not give it. Jacob's hip had become dislocated.

    33Therefore, the children of Israel may not eat the displaced tendon, which is on the socket of the hip, until this day, for he touched the socket of Jacob's hip, in the hip sinew.

    Esau came to Jacob.

    4And Esau ran toward him and embraced him, and he fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept.

    1Dinah, the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to look about among the daughters of the land.

    2And Shechem the son of Hamor, the Hivvite, the prince of the land, saw her, and he took her, lay with her, and violated her.

    3And his soul cleaved to Dinah the daughter of Jacob; he loved the girl and spoke to the girl's heart.

    4And Shechem spoke to his father Hamor saying, "Take this girl for me as a wife."

    Jacob heard of it but remained silent until his sons came home.

    8And Hamor spoke with them, saying, "My son Shechem his soul has a liking for your daughter. Please give her to him for a wife.

    9And intermarry with us; you shall give us your daughters, and you shall take our daughters for yourselves.

    They decide to get circumcised. Then Simeon and Levi killed every man.

    31And they said, "Shall he make our sister like a harlot?"

    God named Jacob Israel.

    Rachel dies after giving birth to Benjamin.

    Isaac dies at one hundred and eighty. Esau and Jacob bury him.

    Next, Vayeshev.

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  • JacobMartinMertens
    Vayetze, "and he left". It refers to Jacob leaving Beer sheba and going to Haran. It is the first word in the Torah portion.

    Jacob takes some stones and lays them at his head and lays down to sleep.

    12And he dreamed, and behold! a ladder set up on the ground and its top reached to heaven; and behold, angels of God were ascending and descending upon it.

    God promises to give the land to Jacob and his seed.

    16And Jacob awakened from his sleep, and he said, "Indeed, the Lord is in this place, and I did not know [it]."

    17And he was frightened, and he said, "How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven."

    Jacob sets up a monument and names the place Beth El.

    1Now Jacob lifted his feet and went to the land of the people of the East.

    Jacob finds Laban the son of Nahor. He meets Rachel watering the sheep. Laban's other daughter's name is Leah.

    Jacob works seven years for Rachel. But Laban gives him Leah and Jacob has to work another seven for Rachel as well.

    Leah bears Reuben. Simeon. Levi. Judah. Bilhah Rachel's maidservant bears Jacob Dan. Naftali as well. Leah's maidservant Zilpah bears Gad. Asher. Leah bore Jacob Issachar, Zebulun, and a daughter Dinah. Rachel bears Joseph.

    Laban tells Jacob to specify his wages.

    32I will pass throughout all your flocks today, removing from there every speckled and spotted kid, and every brown lamb among the sheep, and [every] spotted and speckled [one from] among the goats, and this shall be my wages.

    43And the man became exceedingly wealthy, and he had prolific animals, and maidservants and manservants, and camels and donkeys.

    1And he heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, "Jacob has taken all that belonged to our father, and from what belonged to our father, he has amassed this entire fortune."

    2And Jacob saw Laban's countenance, that he was not disposed toward him as [he had been] yesterday and the day before.

    3And the Lord said to Jacob, "Return to the land of your forefathers and to your birthplace, and I will be with you."

    Jacob and his family decide to leave.

    The next portion is Vayishlach.

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  • JacobMartinMertens
    Toldot (Generations). Isaac was a son of Abraham. He married Rebecca at age 40. Two nations were in her womb, and the older would serve the younger. Esau would serve Jacob. Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for some red pottage.

    God makes a covenant with Isaac, like the covenant He made with Abraham. Isaac dwells in Gerar. He passes Rebecca off as his sister, so that he does not die. Abimelech protects them. Isaac does very well with crops, etc... and Abimelech asks him to leave. They dig three wells, and only the third is not contended over. God blesses Isaac. Abimelech comes to Isaac and they make a covenant. Isaac's servants find water again.

    Isaac is old and calls Esau to bless him if he will but hunt game and bring it to him. Rebecca has Jacob get in Esau's place before he comes back and Isaac blesses Jacob instead. Then he blesses Esau.

    Isaac calls Jacob and tells him to go find a wife from among relatives. Esau adds a daughter of Ishmael among his wives.

    The next portion is Vayetze.

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  • JacobMartinMertens
    Chayei Sarah. The Life of Sarah.

    Sarah lived 127 years. When she died Abraham purchased a burial spot for her.

    17And so the field of Ephron which was in Machpelah, facing Mamre, was established (as Abraham's possession). [This included] the field and the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were in the field, which were within its entire border around.

    When Abraham was old he had his servant go find a wife for his son Isaac. The servant found Rebecca, the daughter of Bethuel of Nahor, a relative. She gave him a drink and watered the camels as well. They showed hospitality to the servant and eventually Rebecca went with him back to Isaac who took her to be his wife and he was comforted after the death of his mother Sarah.

    1And Abraham took another wife and her name was Keturah.

    She bore Abraham children named in the text.

    Abraham died at 175 years old.

    Ishmael had twelve sons, princes to their nations.

    He died at 137.

    Here are the portions again for this new page.

    This week's portion is Toldot, meaning Generations.

    Leave a comment:

  • JacobMartinMertens
    Abraham looked up and saw three men. They showed these men hospitality. Abraham and Sarah are promised a son, and she laughed.

    Abraham will become a great and powerful nation. And all the nations of the world will be blessed in him.

    The Lord mentions Sodom and Gomorrah. Abraham asks if He will destroy the righteous with the wicked. Abraham asks if the Lord will destroy them if there are 50, 45, 40, 30, 20, 10 righteous there. God says no.

    Two angels come to Sodom in the evening, and Lot recommends that they do not stay overnight in the street. Lot shows them hospitality. Before they retire the house is surrounded. Lot tells them not to do evil to the men (angels) and mentions his daughters. They press upon Lot to the door and the men (angels) grasp Lot and bring him inside, shutting the door. The men outside are struck with blindness. The angels tell Lot and his wife and two daughters to leave the city. They flee to a small city. The Lord rained fire and brimstone down upon Sodom and Gomorrah. Lot and his two daughters dwelt in a cave and they both had a son by him, getting him drunk. Moab and Ben-Ami the father of the children of Ammon.

    Abraham and Sarah go to Gerar. Abraham tells the king that Sarah is his sister. The king has a dream and returns Sarah to Abraham. Abraham says that she is the daughter of his father but not his mother.

    Abraham's son Sarah bears him is Isaac, circumcised the eighth day. Abraham is one hundred years old. Hagar and Ishmael are driven away with the permission of God. Ishmael is promised to become a great nation and he becomes an archer and his mother Hagar gets him a wife from Egypt.

    Abraham makes a covenant with the king. Verse 34 of chapter 21 says, "And Abraham dwelt in the land of the Philistines for many days."

    God asks Abraham to bring his son to the land of Moriah for a burnt offering. Abraham places his son on the altar upon the wood. Abraham takes the knife and God stops him, providing a ram. God rewards Abraham for hearkening to His voice and not withholding Isaac.

    Bethuel a descendant of Nahor by Milcah bore Rebecca.

    This week's portion is Chayei Sarah.

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  • JacobMartinMertens

    Abram is told to go forth from his homeland to a land that God would show him. God promises to make him a great nation, and bless him, and that he would be a blessing. God will bless those who bless him and curse those who curse him. All the families of the earth will be blessed in him.

    Lot went with Abram. Abram was seventy-five years old.

    Abram and his wife and Lot and everyone else who was with them came to the land of Canaan. God promised to give Abram the land.

    In Egypt Abram tells his wife to say that she is his sister so that it will go well with him. After Pharaoh takes her he discovers what Abram has done and gives her back, telling him to go. They are escorted out of Egypt.

    Abram returns to where he was before.

    Because of all that Abram and Lot had they had to separate due to quarrel. Lot choses where to go.

    Lot and his family are taken captive by hostile forces but Abram restored all. Melchizedek priest of God Most High blesses Abram and Abram gives him a tithe.

    God tells Abram that He is his shield (magen). Abram reflects that he does not have an heir. Abram is told to count the stars for so shall his descendants be.

    God makes a covenant with Abram, between the parts of animals.

    Abram's wife Sarai gives Hagar to Abram as a wife. She conceives and is driven from Sarai by Sarai. The angel of the Lord finds Hagar and urges her to return. She is told to name her child Ishmael. Abram does so, at age eighty-six.

    God promises Abram, at age ninety-nine, that he will be a father of a multitude of nations, and that kings will emerge from him.

    Circumcision is a sign of God's covenant with Abraham. God changes Sarai's name to Sarah and promises them a son. Abraham is ninety-nine when he is circumcised. Ishmael was thirteen. The rest of Abraham's household is circumcised as well.

    Here is this week's portion, Vayera. The portions are read on the Sabbath (the seventh day of the week, a day of rest) in synagogues, though there is a new covenant.

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  • JacobMartinMertens
    Noach is Genesis 6:9-11:32.
    Noah was a righteous man. God told him to build an ark for a flood that He would bring upon the earth. This was for his family and animals to survive the flood. The flood was to destroy the earth, because mankind had become sinful.

    After the flood God makes a covenant with Noah, the covenant of the rainbow. That God would never again flood the whole earth with water to destroy mankind.

    God gave specific instructions on how Noah and his family were to live.

    Mankind later chose to build a tower. God confused the language of the people. This tower was called the Tower of Babel.

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  • JacobMartinMertens
    For Bereishit (Bereisheet / Beraysheet) "In Beginning" the first Torah Portion no one has commented. Feel free to comment. The Chabad link works for this Torah Portion, but the link with audio works for the current week's Torah Portion; this week's portion is Noach (Noah).

    Next Week's Portion is Lech Lecha (Go Forth).

    Again the Torah Portion names are from the first few words of each Torah Portion, or Parshah.

    For last week's portion, Bereishit, there were not many commandments, or none explicitly stated. God's word created the heavens and the earth in six days and on the seventh day God rested from all that He had created and made, and was refreshed. God has commands, such as "Let there be light.", etc.... No covenants though. God commands man not to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, a very good commandment. But they (Eve is created for Adam) eat of it anyway and they are kicked out (sent out) of the garden (Gan Eden), for Satan had tempted Eve and she and Adam both succumbed. First, there were four rivers. And God had man give the animals names. Woman will have pain in childbearing, and Man is to work the ground. Now Eve (Chavah) gives birth to Cain (Cayin) and Abel (Hevel), and Cain kills Abel. Cain had had a grain offering (or something from the ground), and Abel a sacrifice of a lamb (or something from the flock). Cain's countenance fell when God did not regard what he had brought. God said if you do well will not your countenance be lifted up? God asked Cain about Abel and Cain asked back am I my brother's keeper? But God knew that Cain had killed Abel, for Abel's blood cried out from the ground. God warned against killing Cain. Then Cain has a child with his wife, apparently a sister (brother-sister incest was not a forbidden thing at this time), named Enoch. To Enoch was born Irad. To Irad was born Mehujael. Then was born Methushael to Mehujael. And then was born Lemech to Methushael. Lemech took two wives. One Adah. The other Zillah. Adah bore Jabal, the father of those who dwell in tents and have cattle. Adah bore Jubal, the father of those who grasp the lyre and the flute. Zillah bore Tubal-cain, who sharpened all tools that cut copper and iron. Also born to her was his sister Na'amah. Lemech then gives a speech where he says he has killed a man by wounding him and a child by bruising him. He says if Cain be avenged seven fold, Lemech seventy-seven fold. Adam and Eve bore another son, Seth (Shayt), "for God has given me other seed.". To Seth a son was born named Enosh. It became common to call on the name of Adonai (Lord) (HaShem (The Name), Yahveh, Yahweh, Yehovah). Enosh begot Kenan. Kenan begot Mahalalel. He begot Jared. He begot Enoch. He begot Methuselah. Enoch walked with God and he was not for God took him. Methuselah begot Lamech. Lamech Noah.

    Genesis 5:29 And he named him Noah, saying, "This one will give us rest from our work and from the toil of our hands from the ground, which the Lord has cursed."

    Noah begot Shem (Name), Ham, and Japheth.

    Daughters were born. Etc....

    Then Genesis 6:3 And the Lord said, "Let My spirit not quarrel forever concerning man, because he is also flesh, and his days shall be a hundred and twenty years."

    God decides to destroy His creation, but Noah finds favor in the eyes of Yehovah.

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  • JacobMartinMertens
    Another popular resource for your Torah reading (or to have it read to you by audio) is Torah Portions . org. This will also be useful for our teaching here.

    Leave a comment:

  • JacobMartinMertens
    Originally posted by Cow Poke View Post

    And this, my friend, is known as "argument by weblink", yet another violation of the rules.
    Dear Cow Poke,

    Thank you for participating in this thread. To whatever degree you would like to participate, you may.

    You seem to think that I want to debate people with teaching and reference works. That is not the case. The material is for discussion. I have been told that this website is for discussion. If you do not discuss the material from this thread, what else would you be doing here?

    The link is not an argument. If you had followed the link you would know that the material there is not an argument.

    I invite your on topic discussion or review. If we take one Torah portion per week, that should be enough for a year (or three if you are on the Triennial Torah reading cycle). I am teaching the Torah and I invite your response here where I am teaching it. If the reference work does not suffice you are welcome to provide your own. Please do not debate or distract from the Torah teaching. It is for Jews and Gentiles (Greeks) alike. I speak English. I have some knowledge of the Hebrew, but it will take all of us to fully understand what God is teaching us through the text.

    Thank you.

    Shalom (Peace).


    Leave a comment:

  • Cow Poke
    Originally posted by JacobMartinMertens View Post
    And this, my friend, is known as "argument by weblink", yet another violation of the rules.

    Leave a comment:

  • JacobMartinMertens
    Here is what Chabad has to say.

    Leave a comment:

  • JacobMartinMertens
    Originally posted by Cow Poke View Post
    Jacob, you're doing that thing again where you're doing back-to-back posts -- essentially blogging.
    Teaching and asking questions about the Torah is not seen as blogging, but if you think that I was not listening I have both been told to maintain my threads and also that (I thought) I should not be using the reply function to my own posts as that is seen as back to back posting.

    Leave a comment:

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