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Reading and Studying the Torah: Jews and Christians

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  • #16
    Chayei Sarah. The Life of Sarah.

    Sarah lived 127 years. When she died Abraham purchased a burial spot for her.

    17And so the field of Ephron which was in Machpelah, facing Mamre, was established (as Abraham's possession). [This included] the field and the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were in the field, which were within its entire border around.

    When Abraham was old he had his servant go find a wife for his son Isaac. The servant found Rebecca, the daughter of Bethuel of Nahor, a relative. She gave him a drink and watered the camels as well. They showed hospitality to the servant and eventually Rebecca went with him back to Isaac who took her to be his wife and he was comforted after the death of his mother Sarah.

    1And Abraham took another wife and her name was Keturah.

    She bore Abraham children named in the text.

    Abraham died at 175 years old.

    Ishmael had twelve sons, princes to their nations.

    He died at 137.

    Here are the portions again for this new page.

    This week's portion is Toldot, meaning Generations.


    • #17
      Toldot (Generations). Isaac was a son of Abraham. He married Rebecca at age 40. Two nations were in her womb, and the older would serve the younger. Esau would serve Jacob. Esau sold his birthright to Jacob for some red pottage.

      God makes a covenant with Isaac, like the covenant He made with Abraham. Isaac dwells in Gerar. He passes Rebecca off as his sister, so that he does not die. Abimelech protects them. Isaac does very well with crops, etc... and Abimelech asks him to leave. They dig three wells, and only the third is not contended over. God blesses Isaac. Abimelech comes to Isaac and they make a covenant. Isaac's servants find water again.

      Isaac is old and calls Esau to bless him if he will but hunt game and bring it to him. Rebecca has Jacob get in Esau's place before he comes back and Isaac blesses Jacob instead. Then he blesses Esau.

      Isaac calls Jacob and tells him to go find a wife from among relatives. Esau adds a daughter of Ishmael among his wives.

      The next portion is Vayetze.


      • #18
        Vayetze, "and he left". It refers to Jacob leaving Beer sheba and going to Haran. It is the first word in the Torah portion.

        Jacob takes some stones and lays them at his head and lays down to sleep.

        12And he dreamed, and behold! a ladder set up on the ground and its top reached to heaven; and behold, angels of God were ascending and descending upon it.

        God promises to give the land to Jacob and his seed.

        16And Jacob awakened from his sleep, and he said, "Indeed, the Lord is in this place, and I did not know [it]."

        17And he was frightened, and he said, "How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven."

        Jacob sets up a monument and names the place Beth El.

        1Now Jacob lifted his feet and went to the land of the people of the East.

        Jacob finds Laban the son of Nahor. He meets Rachel watering the sheep. Laban's other daughter's name is Leah.

        Jacob works seven years for Rachel. But Laban gives him Leah and Jacob has to work another seven for Rachel as well.

        Leah bears Reuben. Simeon. Levi. Judah. Bilhah Rachel's maidservant bears Jacob Dan. Naftali as well. Leah's maidservant Zilpah bears Gad. Asher. Leah bore Jacob Issachar, Zebulun, and a daughter Dinah. Rachel bears Joseph.

        Laban tells Jacob to specify his wages.

        32I will pass throughout all your flocks today, removing from there every speckled and spotted kid, and every brown lamb among the sheep, and [every] spotted and speckled [one from] among the goats, and this shall be my wages.

        43And the man became exceedingly wealthy, and he had prolific animals, and maidservants and manservants, and camels and donkeys.

        1And he heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, "Jacob has taken all that belonged to our father, and from what belonged to our father, he has amassed this entire fortune."

        2And Jacob saw Laban's countenance, that he was not disposed toward him as [he had been] yesterday and the day before.

        3And the Lord said to Jacob, "Return to the land of your forefathers and to your birthplace, and I will be with you."

        Jacob and his family decide to leave.

        The next portion is Vayishlach.


        • #19
          Vayishlach. And he sent.

          "Jacob sent angels ahead of him to his brother Esau,". They brought a positive message about Jacob to Esau, and returned. Esau was coming with four hundred men! So Jacob divided into two camps, in case he was attacked. Jacob prayed to God for protection. Jacob prepared a gift for Esau from the livestock.

          Jacob wrestled with an angel of God. The angel asked Jacob for his name. Jacob gave it. Jacob asked the angel for his name. The angel did not give it. Jacob's hip had become dislocated.

          33Therefore, the children of Israel may not eat the displaced tendon, which is on the socket of the hip, until this day, for he touched the socket of Jacob's hip, in the hip sinew.

          Esau came to Jacob.

          4And Esau ran toward him and embraced him, and he fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept.

          1Dinah, the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to look about among the daughters of the land.

          2And Shechem the son of Hamor, the Hivvite, the prince of the land, saw her, and he took her, lay with her, and violated her.

          3And his soul cleaved to Dinah the daughter of Jacob; he loved the girl and spoke to the girl's heart.

          4And Shechem spoke to his father Hamor saying, "Take this girl for me as a wife."

          Jacob heard of it but remained silent until his sons came home.

          8And Hamor spoke with them, saying, "My son Shechem his soul has a liking for your daughter. Please give her to him for a wife.

          9And intermarry with us; you shall give us your daughters, and you shall take our daughters for yourselves.

          They decide to get circumcised. Then Simeon and Levi killed every man.

          31And they said, "Shall he make our sister like a harlot?"

          God named Jacob Israel.

          Rachel dies after giving birth to Benjamin.

          Isaac dies at one hundred and eighty. Esau and Jacob bury him.

          Next, Vayeshev.


          • #20
            Vayeshev, "And he dwelt".

            1Jacob dwelt in the land of his father's sojournings, in the land of Canaan.

            Joseph was seventeen years old.

            3And Israel loved Joseph more than all his sons, because he was a son of his old age; and he made him a fine woolen coat.

            4And his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, so they hated him, and they could not speak with him peacefully.

            Joseph had a dream, and his brother's continued to hate him.

            7Behold, we were binding sheaves in the midst of the field, and behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright, and behold, your sheaves encircled [it] and prostrated themselves to my sheaf."

            His brothers asked him if he was saying that he would reign over or govern them, and they hated him in this.

            9And he again dreamed another dream, and he related it to his brothers, and he said, "Behold, I have dreamed another dream, and behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were prostrating themselves to me."

            10And he told [it] to his father and to his brothers, and his father rebuked him and said to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Will we come I, your mother, and your brothers to prostrate ourselves to you to the ground?"

            11So his brothers envied him, but his father awaited the matter.

            13And Israel said to Joseph, "Are your brothers not pasturing in Shechem? Come, and I will send you to them." And he said to him, "Here I am."

            14So he said to him, "Go now and see to your brothers' welfare and the welfare of the flocks, and bring me back word." So he sent him from the valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.

            Joseph came across a man and asked him where his brothers were.

            17And the man said, "They have traveled away from here, for I overheard them say, 'Let us go to Dothan.' " So Joseph went after his brothers, and he found them in Dothan.

            18And they saw him from afar, and when he had not yet drawn near to them, they plotted against him to put him to death.

            20So now, let us kill him, and we will cast him into one of the pits, and we will say, 'A wild beast devoured him,' and we will see what will become of his dreams."

            21But Reuben heard, and he saved him from their hand[s], and he said, "Let us not deal him a deadly blow."

            22And Reuben said to them, "Do not shed blood! Cast him into this pit, which is in the desert, but do not lay a hand upon him," in order to save him from their hand[s], to return him to his father.

            Joseph's brothers took the coat and cast him into a waterless pit. They sold him to Ishmaelite traders, Midianites lifting him from the pit, for twenty silver pieces.

            29And Reuben returned to the pit, and behold, Joseph was not in the pit; so he rent his garments.

            31And they took Joseph's coat, and they slaughtered a kid, and they dipped the coat in the blood.

            32And they sent the fine woolen coat, and they brought [it] to their father, and they said, "We have found this; now recognize whether it is your son's coat or not."

            33He recognized it, and he said, "[It is] my son's coat; a wild beast has devoured him; Joseph has surely been torn up."

            Jacob mourned his son's death, but his son was not really dead.

            36And the Midianites sold him to Egypt, to Potiphar, Pharaoh's chamberlain, chief of the slaughterers.

            Judah was demoted by his brothers and he came a took a wife. To one of his sons he gave Tamar, who didn't have a child through the son. So Tamar had brothers of his to raise up a child, but none resulted. Finally there was one son of Judah left, and Judah did not give her that son because he was too young.

            There was a way that Tamar presented herself to Judah without him knowing who she was, and she conceived a child by Judah. He thought she was a temple prostitute and had items for her. But he did not find her again.

            Then it was heard that Tamar was with child and Judah wanted her dead. But she presented the items he had given to her as they were his items, and Judah decides that she is more righteous than he is.

            Joseph was with Potiphar and everything he did succeeded. Potiphar placed the house into his hand.

            Potiphar's wife asks Joseph to lie with her, but he escapes though without his garment. She claimed rape to her husband. Potiphar put Joseph into prison.

            God gave Joseph favor in the prison.

            22So the warden of the prison delivered all the prisoners who were in the prison into Joseph's hand, and whatever they did there, he [was the one who] did it.

            1Now it came about after these events that the cupbearer of the king of Egypt and the baker sinned against their master, against the king of Egypt.

            Pharoah placed them into prison. Joseph interprets their dreams.

            Pharoah indeed restores the cupbearer.

            21And he restored the chief cupbearer to his [position as] cupbearer, and he placed the cup on Pharaoh's palm.

            22And the chief baker he hanged, as Joseph had interpreted to them.

            23But the chief cupbearer did not remember Joseph, and he forgot him.

            The next portion is Miketz.


            • #21
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